Kali Linux Commands Full list for Begineers From A to Z – Updated List

Kali Linux Command list For Begineers
Kali Linux Command list

As all we know that the Kali Linux is a Debian-based Linux distribution that is used for advanced Penetration Testing and Security Auditing, means a perfect platform for hackers, sounds good right!! So it can be a great start for you to becoming a hacker or internet security expert.

We assume that you definitely have installed Kali Linux on your system and if not then go for it through this link.

As this post is for beginners let me explain few things about Kali. it comes with More than 600 penetration testing tool for learning penetration testing and the best part is that its all free and you don’t have to pay a single penny for access kali. Kali Linux is a CUI(Command Line Interface) based OS, so you must know some kali Linux commands that will help you to execute or perform any action related to penetration testing because you can’t go for further steps in penetration testing before reading this coz that will be a bad move.

We have prepared a full list of kali Linux commands for beginners from A to Z that will help you to understand all the commands and you can test all commands to elaborate and understand the perfect mean and execute them on your kali Linux OS.

Kali Linux Commands :

kali Linux Commands From aDescription
apt-getSearch for and install software packages (Debian)
aptitudeSearch for and install software packages (Debian)
aspellSpell Checker
awk Find and Replace text, database sort/validate/index
Commands From - bDescription
basenameStrip directory and suffix from filenames
bash GNU Bourne-Again Shell
bcArbitrary precision calculator language
bgSend to background
break Exit from a loop
builtin Run a shell builtin
bzip2 Compress or decompress named files
Commands From - cDescription
calDisplay a calendar
case Conditionally perform a command
cat Concatenate and print (display) the content of files
cd Change Directory
cfdisk Partition table manipulator for Linux
chgrp Change group ownership
chmod Change access permissions
chown Change file owner and group
chroot Run a command with a different root directory
chkconfig System services (runlevel)
cksumPrint CRC checksum and byte counts
clear Clear terminal screen
cmp Compare two files
commCompare two sorted files line by line
command Run a command – ignoring shell functions
continue Resume the next iteration of a loop
cp Copy one or more files to another location
cron Daemon to execute scheduled commands
crontab Schedule a command to run at a later time
csplit Split a file into context-determined pieces
cut Divide a file into several parts
Commands From - dDescription
date Display or change the date and time
dc Desk Calculator
dd Convert and copy a file, write disk headers, boot records
ddrescue Data recovery tool
declareDeclare variables and give them attributes
df Display free disk space
diffDisplay the differences between two files
diff3Show differences among three files
dig DNS lookup
dir Briefly list directory contents
dircolorsColour setup for ls’
dirname Convert a full pathname to just a path
dirs Display list of remembered directories
dmesg Print kernel & driver messages
du Estimate file space usage
Commands From - eDescription
echoDisplay message on screen
egrep Search files for lines that match an extended expression
eject Eject removable media
enableEnable and disable builtin shell commands
env Environment variables
ethtool Ethernet card settings
evalEvaluate several commands/arguments
execExecute a command
exit Exit the shell
expect Automate arbitrary applications accessed over a terminal
expand Convert tabs to spaces
export Set an environment variable
expr Evaluate expressions
Commands From - fDescription
falseDo nothing, unsuccessfully
fdformat Low-level format a floppy disk
fdisk Partition table manipulator for Linux
fgSend job to foreground
fgrep Search files for lines that match a fixed string
file Determine file type
find Search for files that meet a desired criteria
fmtReformat paragraph text
fold Wrap text to fit a specified width
forExpand words, and execute commands
format Format disks or tapes
free Display memory usage
fsck File system consistency check and repair
ftp File Transfer Protocol
functionDefine Function Macros
fuserIdentify/kill the process that is accessing a file
Commands From - gDescription
gawk Find and Replace text within files
getopts Parse positional parameters
grep Search files for lines that match a given pattern
groupadd Add a user security group
groupdelDelete a group
groupmodModify a group
groups Print group names a user is in
gzip Compress or decompress named files
Commands From - hDescription
hashRemember the full pathname of a name argument
headOutput the first part of files
help Display help for a built-in command
history Command History
hostname Print or set system name
Commands From - iDescription
iconv Convert the character set of a file
idPrint user and group id’s
ifConditionally perform a command
ifconfig Configure a network interface
ifdown Stop a network interface
ifup Start a network interface up
import Capture an X server screen and save the image to file
installCopy files and set attributes
Commands From - jDescription
jobsList active jobs
joinJoin lines on a common field
Command From - kDescription
killStop a process from running
killallKill processes by name
Commands From - lDescription
lessDisplay output one screen at a time
let Perform arithmetic on shell variables
ln Create a symbolic link to a file
local Create variables
locate Find files
lognamePrint current login name
logoutExit a login shell
look Display lines beginning with a given string
lpc Line printer control program
lpr Off line print
lprint Print a file
lprintd Abort a print job
lprintq List the print queue
lprm Remove jobs from the print queue
lsList information about files
lsof List open files
[table “18” not found /]
Commands From - mDescription
makeRecompile a group of programs
man Show manual
mkdirCreate new folders
mkfifo Make FIFOs (named pipes)
mkisofs Create an hybrid ISO9660/JOLIET/HFS filesystem
mknod Make block or character special files
moreDisplay output one screen at a time
mount Mount a file system
mtools Manipulate MS-DOS files
mtrNetwork diagnostics (traceroute/ping)
mvMove or rename files or directories
mmvMass Move and rename files
Commands From - nDescription
netstat Networking information
niceSet the priority of a command or job
nlNumber lines and write files
nohupRun a command immune to hangups
notify-send Send desktop notifications
nslookupQuery Internet name servers interactively
Commands From - oDescription
openOpen a file in its default application
opOperator access
Commands From - pDescription
passwd Modify a user password
paste Merge lines of files
pathchk Check file name portability
pingTest a network connection
pkill Stop processes from running
popd Restore the previous value of the current directory
prPrepare files for printing
printcap Printer capability database
printenv Print environment variables
printf print and format data
psProcess status
pushdSave and then change the current directory
pwd Print Working Directory
Commands From - qDescription
quotaDisplay disk usage and limits
quotacheckScan a file system for disk usage
quotactl Set disk quotas
Commands From - rDescription
ramram disk device
rcp Copy files between two machines
readRead a line from standard input
readarray Read from stdin into an array variable
readonly Mark variables/functions as readonly
reboot Reboot the system
rename Rename files
renice Alter priority of running processes
remsyncSynchronize remote files via email
return Exit a shell function
revReverse lines of a file
rm Remove files
rmdirRemove folders
rsync Remote file copy (Synchronize file trees)
Commands From - sDescription
screen Multiplex terminal, run remote shells via ssh
scp Secure copy (remote file copy)
sdiff Merge two files interactively
sed Stream Editor
select Accept keyboard input
seq Print numeric sequences
setManipulate shell variables and functions
sftp Secure File Transfer Program
shift Shift positional parameters
shopt Shell Options
shutdown Shutdown or restart linux
sleep Delay for a specified time
slocateFind files
sort Sort text files
source Run commands from a file
split Split a file into fixed-size pieces
ssh Secure Shell client (remote login program)
strace Trace system calls and signals
su Substitute user identity
sudo Execute a command as another user
sum Print a checksum for a file
suspend Suspend execution of this shell
symlink Make a new name for a file
syncSynchronize data on disk with memory
Commands From - tDescription
tailOutput the last part of file
tarTape Archiver
tee Redirect output to multiple files
testEvaluate a conditional expression
time Measure Program running time
times User and system times
touch Change file timestamps
topList processes running on the system
traceroute Trace Route to Host
trap Run a command when a signal is set(bourne)
trTranslate, squeeze, and/or delete characters
true Do nothing, successfully
tsort Topological sort
tty Print filename of terminal on stdin
typeDescribe a command
Commands From - uDescription
ulimit Limit user resources
umask Users file creation mask
umount Unmount a device
unaliasRemove an alias
uname Print system information
unexpand Convert spaces to tabs
uniq Uniquify files
units Convert units from one scale to another
unset Remove variable or function names
unshar Unpack shell archive scripts
until Execute commands (until error)
uptimeShow uptime
useradd Create new user account
usermod Modify user account
users List users currently logged in
uuencode Encode a binary file
uudecode Decode a file created by uuencode
Commands From - vDescription
vVerbosely list directory contents (ls -l -b’)
vdirVerbosely list directory contents (ls -l -b’)
viText Editor/ vi editor
vmstat Report virtual memory statistics
Commands From - wDescription
waitWait for a process to complete
watch Execute/display a program periodically
wc Print byte, word, and line counts
whereis Search the user’s $path, man pages and source files for a program
which Search the user’s $path for a program file
while Execute commands
who Print all usernames currently logged in
whoamiPrint the current user id and name (id -un’)
wget Retrieve web pages or files via HTTP, HTTPS or FTP
writeSend a message to another user
Commands From - xDescription
xargs Execute utility, passing constructed argument lists
xdg-open Open a file or URL in the user’s preferred application
Commands From - yDescription
yes Print a string until interrupted

After reading the above kali linux commands you can test them or you can test these commands while reading them. These are the all basic kali linux commands that you can use for your purpose in kali.

Bonus Tip : In the table of Alphabet -m, there is a command called man that stands for manual. All the Kali users use this command to see a manual of a particular command that is very useful every time you want to see manual of any command.

for example: To see manual of ls command in kali : # man ls

we will recommend you to use this command for every single command in linux so you can learn more about that command.


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